The dark current flowing through the diode is of the order of few mA, in the absence of light. In the presence of light, the photocurrent flowing through the photodiode is slightly increased and it is also in the order of few mA.
But the change in dark current to photocurrent is not significantly noticeable. Therefore, the photodiode is not operated in forward bias condition.
In the absence of light, the dark current flowing through the photodiode in reverse bias condition is the reverse saturation current and it is very small in magnitude about few nA. In the presence of light, the photo current flowing through the photodiode in the same reverse bias condition in significantly increased to above few µ